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Citing Sources & Avoiding Plagiarism

How to avoid plagiarism and cite sources correctly.

Style Manuals

Books

In the Author-Date or "Reference List" format of Chicago or Turabian Citation Style, sentences with material from another source are cited immediately afterward with a parenthetical citation (format is listed as P below), as well as a citation in the works cited or bibliography at the end of the paper (format is listed as R below).

Basic Format

R: Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. Date of Publication. Title of book: Subtitle of book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name.

P: (Author's Last Name Date of Publication, XX-XX)

Example - One Author

R: Diamond Jared. 1997. Guns, germs, and steel: The fates of human societies. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

P: (Diamond 1997, 47-48)

Chicago/Turabian Author-Date Citation Quick Guide

Journal Articles

Journal Article in Print

R: Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. Date of Publication. Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Journal Volume Number (Additional Date Information): YY-YY.

P: (Author's Last Name Date of Publication, XX-XX)

Example - Journal Article in Print

R: Nayar, Pramod K. 2005. Marvelous excesses: English travel writing and India, 1680-1727. Journal of British Studies 44, no. 2 (April): 213-38.

P: (Nayar 2005, 213)

Journal Article Online

R: Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. Date of Publication."Title of article: Subtitle of article."Title of Journal Volume Number (Additional Date Information). Accessed Date of Access. URL or doi.

P: (Author's Last Name Date of Publication, XX-XX)

Example - Journal Article Online

R: Brown, Campbell. 2011. “Consequentialize This.” Ethics 121, no. 4 (July): 749–71. Accessed December 1, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/660696.

P: (Brown 2011, 752)

Chicago/Turabian Author-Date Citation Quick Guide

Web Sources

Website

R: Google. 2009. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11. http://www.google.com/intl/en/privacypolicy.html.

P: (Google 2009)

Chicago/Turabian Author-Date Citation Quick Guide